We have just released our second cannabis facts video with 5 new cannabis facts you may not know.
The second video in our facts series covers a variety of topics, and in this feature we have included the information discussed in this video in text format, plus links to the sources of the topics discussed.
Cannabis vs. Hemp
THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) is the psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis, which is the bit that gets you high. Cannabis produced to be consumed for medical/recreational purposes has about 5-20% THC on average, with prize strains tipping the scale at 25-30% THC.
Cannabis is believed to be one of the oldest domesticated crops, and throughout history, humans have grown different varieties of cannabis both for industrial and medical uses. See part one of this video series for more info on the history of hemp.
The Cannabinoids, particularly the CBD can still be extracted from hemp, and as industrial hemp is mass-produced, the low resin ratio is counterbalanced by availability so CBD oil can be produced more cheaply.
Indeed many strains bred to consume for their high THC content have a very low CBD content but recently medical breeders have been focusing on CBD-rich strains for a variety of medical applications.
Sativa, Indica and Ruderalis
The cannabis Sativa plant is preferred by outdoor cannabis growers as it grows much higher and can produce more flowering cannabis as a result if in the right conditions. The high of sativa is known as a ‘head high’.
Cannabis Indica plants are usually much shorter and bushier than Sativa plants, and consuming indica strains leads to more of a ‘body high’ – or stoned feeling.
These plants are usually preferred by indoor growers, mostly because they don’t grow as high as the Sativa plants and as such are more discrete and don’t need as much space to grow.
The third species of cannabis is Cannabis Ruderalis. This species differs from the other two species in that it is a much shorter plant and it grows flowers no matter what age the plant is, and no matter the photoperiod.
This third form of cannabis does not produce much THC and so is usually not the favourite of many smokers, but interestingly it has a larger CBD to THC ratio. and its auto-flowering quality has made it attractive to cannabis breeders who have used this to create auto-flowering hybrid strains.
Terpenes are found within cannabis and other plants and are responsible for things such as flavour and that lovely Cannabis smell. Terpenes can also hold medicinal value and are an interesting part of the plant. Knowing what they are should deepen your appreciation of cannabis whether you’re a medical patient or recreational user.
Terpenes have been touted as the next frontier in medical cannabis – medical research to date has focused so heavily on cannabinoids that we don’t yet know much about the aromatic terpene compounds found in the cannabis plant.
Secreted in the same glands that produce cannabinoids like THC and CBD, terpenes are the pungent oils that colour cannabis varieties with distinctive flavours like citrus, berry, mint, and pine.
To date over 100 different terpenes have been identified in cannabis and each strain has a unique terpene composition. It’s what makes Lemon Haze smell lemony, or Amnesia Haze Orangey.
Like other strong-smelling plants and flowers, terpene development in Cannabis began to repel predators and lure pollinators. However getting the perfect flavour and aroma is an art form, as there are many factors that influence a plant’s development of terpenes, including climate, weather, age and maturation, fertilisers, soil type, and even the time of day.
An amazing characteristic of terpenes is their ability to synergise with cannabinoids in cannabis, leading researchers to believe that the terpenes help account for unique effects felt from each and every cannabis strain.
Some well-known terpenes are:
Myrcene – Also found in Mangos, this terpene can improve your high. We wrote about how eating mangos can get you higher on ISMOKEHERB
Skunk #1 and White Widow both contain high amounts of Myrcene
Limonene – Like the name suggests this terpene has a citrusy aroma and taste. You can also find it in rosemary and peppermint and its effects include an elevated mood and stress relief.
Limonene is Antifungal, anti-bacterial, anti-carcinogenic, dissolves gallstones, a mood-enhancer and may treat gastrointestinal complications, heartburn and depression. OG Kush, Super Lemon Haze, and Lemon Skunk have high amounts of Limonene in them.
Linnalool – This terpene has a floral, citrus, sweet aroma/taste. It is good for anxiety relief and sedation and is also found in Lavender.
Linnalool holds medical value for things like helping with anxiety. It is also an anti-convulsant, anti-depressant, anti-acne, and some High Linalool Cannabis Strains are G-13 and Amnesia Haze
Cannabis Arrests in the UK
So arrests are falling in the UK for cannabis despite the number of cannabis users staying relatively similar, leading people to think that police are taking our Government’s insensible drugs policy into their own hands.
Arrests for possession of cannabis in England and Wales have dropped by 46 percent since 2010, according to figures obtained by BBC Breakfast under the Freedom of Information Act.
Cautions given for cannabis also dropped by 48 percent and charges fell by 33 percent when Crime Survey data suggests that from 2010 to 2015, cannabis use remained roughly the same in Britain.
The British police have faced a slashed budget over the past few years, forcing them to prioritise things that really matter, and police in Durham have openly stated that they are no longer going to prosecute small-time cannabis growers
There is also a growing wave in the UK of people supporting the legalise Cannabis movement, with 47% supporting the sale of drugs through licensed shops, as revealed in a Liberal Democrat poll. Recently over 9000 people descended on Hyde Park for the annual 420 cannabis rally, supporting change in our cannabis laws.
Norman Lamb has also recently stood in Parliament to discuss the legalisation and taxation of cannabis with a 2nd reading scheduled for this year, but the current conservative Government still maintain that drug policy is effective and should stay the same.
Cannabis for Menstrual Pain
Did you know Queen Victoria is thought to have used Cannabis for menstrual cramps? Her personal physician was the renowned cannabis doctor William B. O’Shaughnessy, who was actually also knighted by Queen Victoria.
The effectiveness of cannabis for periods has been shown a lot recently and comedian and actress Whoopi Goldberg is now launching a range of medical cannabis products to deal with menstrual pain.
Whoopi Goldberg is not the only person getting involved in this area – A US company called Foria has also produced a cannabis product for women that contains THC and CBD and helps relieve period pains and cramps.
We hope you’ve enjoyed volume 2 of our cannabis facts series. Please subscribe to our youtube channel for more cannabis videos and feel free to get in touch via the comments and let us know what you’d like to see from us in the future.
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Hemp THC content in the UK/EU:
Differences between hemp and marijuana – Leafscience: http://www.leafscience.com/2014/09/16/5-differences-hemp-marijuana/
How New Strains are created – ISMOKEHERB:
Cannabis Terpenes – Leafly:
Mangos Get You Higher – ISMOKEHERB:
Police Arrests for Cannabis in the UK – VICE:
Durham unofficially decriminalises cannabis – The Guardian:
Ways Cannabis affects the menstrual cycle – Sensi Seeds: https://sensiseeds.com/en/blog/top-5-ways-that-cannabis-can-affect-the-menstrual-cycle/
Whoopi Goldberg launching cannabis products for menstrual pain – ISMOKE Magazine: http://www.ismokemag.co.uk/whoopi-goldberg-launching-cannabis-products-women-deal-menstrual-pain/
Norman Lamb 10 minute private member’s bill on cannabis legalisation and taxation in house of Commons:
Queen Victoria & Cannabis – Longreads: https://blog.longreads.com/2015/01/28/queen-victorias-cramps-and-the-history-of-medicinal-marijuana-in-europe/
Foria – Cannabis Products for Women: