Cannabis Sativa plants are taller and more narrow than Cannabis Indica, with thinner leaves and take slightly longer in their growth/flowering cycles.
Sativa strains can be used to help depression due to the uplifting nature of the high.
Hybrid Cannabis strains come in all shapes and sizes, and this is because they are made up of all of the above – typically containing 60% to 40% ratio of Sativa and Indica, they will either be Sativa dominant or Indica dominant cannabis strains.
In countries where medicinal cannabis programmes can legally operate growers and doctors are finding new strains all the time with specific effects leading to better medicinal strains for patients. One big focus recently has been on increasing the levels of another cannabinoid – CBD (Cannabidiol) – that is known for its anti-psychoactive and multiple medicinal properties.
There is another type of cannabis- Cannabis Ruderalis which is not often smoked due to its low THC content but has been mixed with Sativa/Indica/Hybrid strains to create ‘autoflowering’ cannabis strains. As the name suggests, these plants switch to the flowering mode automatically when the time is right making them good options for novice growers or people who have less time to tend to their cannabis plants.
Check out this video for more information on identifying Sativa, Indica, Hybrid and Ruderalis Cannabis strains: